The 5"-hydroxy Shani and R
N16 magazine december 2000 issue 8 page 12 london, march 23rd cannabis should be legalised for use in certain medicines, a house of lords report has recommended cannabis should be legalised for use in certain medicines, a. Cannabis care - 20th jan, 0756 am - nursing for nurses contact e-mail phone 054-5679549 gerry mc larnon, twominds ie advanced hypnotherapist and stress manager, dublin 15 2minds ethnicity, na, body type, na. Cannabis, legalisation of debatabase - debate topics and debate cannabis is a recreational, however illegal, dru cannabis is a recreational, however illegal, drug after the paranoia it causes, it often leads to violence and other social. The top ten reasons marijuana should be legal drugreporter cannabis is good for you - legalise it cannabis is fun, healthy and should be legalised how many gay and hiv organisations will be marching in london on saturday 16 june to. The high, just like
any other state of consciousness can be consciously shifted according to desire and ability. The high of
marijuana can be made progressively higher and higher at will, and without known limits. It can
therefore be doubled, tripled, or quadrupled as a matter of progressive intent.
A very versatile route based on Von Pechmann condensation was developed by
Fahrenholtz et al Handrick, D ,
Idanpaan-Heikkila, G This
6 Thus cannabidiol diacetate 153 gave
a mixture of epoxides 154, 155, and 156 when allowed to react with m-ehloroperbenzoic
the Professionals needing to be less intoxicated to experience this (p < 05).
"I become very aware of my breathing and can feel the breath flowing in and out of my throat as well as
filling my lungs" is also common (21%, 18%, 40%, 15%, 5%), more so with the College-educated (p <.05). It
may begin to occur at Strong levels of intoxication (6%, 13%, 33%, 18%, 6%). Meditators may experience this
at lower levels of intoxication than the Therapy and Growth group or ordinary users (p <.01, overall), probably
because so many techniques of meditation involve becoming more aware of the flow of breath.
Defecating and Urinating
"When defecating or urinating, I become aware of the internal organ processes involved that I can't be
aware of when straight." This is an infrequent effect (43%, 16%, 21%, 13%, 5%), which is reported more
(7 of 15)4/15/2004 7:16:11 AM
On Being Stoned - Chapter 11
frequently by Heavy Total users (p <.05, overall).
It is also experienced more frequently by the Therapy and
Growth group (p <.05, overall). It may begin to occur at Strong and higher levels in those who experience it
(1%, 7%, 19%, 17%, 5%).
Note also that "Sexual orgasm has new qualities, pleasurable qualities, when stoned," is a characteristic
It is discussed fully in Chapter 13.
Most of the above experiences have a known physiological basis. We now come to a group of experiences
which cannot be readily conceptualized as resulting from increased awareness of known physiological
Vibration, Energy, Chakra Centers
The most common of these is "I get feelings in my body that are best described as energy, force, power Bank Seed Cannabis Bank of
some sort flowing" (21%, 13%, 35%, 21%, 9%). Both the Meditators and the Therapy and Growth group
experience this somewhat more often than Ordinary Users (p <.05, overall). It may begin to occur at Strong and
higher levels of intoxication (4%, 10%, 25%,
26%, 7%). This experience is reported more frequently by Users
of Psychedelics (p <.05).
A more general phenomenon that does not specifically interpret unusual internal feelings as energy or force
is "I feel a vibration or tingling sensation in some or all of my body that I can tell is not an actual muscle
tremor by looking at my body," a common effect (27%, 15%, 32%, 17%, 7%). It is reported about as
frequently, and at similar levels of intoxication (1%, 10%, 24%, 25%, 7%), as sensations of force or energy. It
is also of interest to note that these tingling feelings are reported more frequently than actual muscle tremors (p
There is an occult theory, known mainly in its Indian form in the West (Garrison, 1964) but occurring in the
occult traditions of many lands (Blofeld, 1970; Chang, 1963; Evans-Wentz, 1958; Frager, 1970; Govinda,
1960; Muses, 1961), that there is some sort of psychical energy that flows through man's body, and particularly
through the nerves such as those in the spinal cord. This energy has been Claussen,Ann Granchelli, J y so when marijuana itself is at
issue. This is not to say that money has no meaning for smokers, even in marijuana
exchanges, nor that all heads are idealistic flower children. Representatives of the
bourgeois spirit may be found everywhere, even among the most seemingly uncommitted.
Capitalists of the drug underground abound, and mimeographed demands are circulated
from time to time in various drug-using communities that the local dealers should try to
curb their avarice, lower their prices and hand out more free grass. Where there is demand
for something, money, goods, or services will be exchanged for it, whatever it is,
wherever it is. Nor does it mean that marijuana is not felt to be "worth" anything. But
what is so strange about the attitude of heads toward marijuana is that its value seems to
be so curiously elastic. A dealer who would not hesitate to hand out dozens of free nickel
bags to friends couldn't imagine giving away the same value in real money—either what
(6 of 18)4/15/2004 1:08:20 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 10
the substance is supposed to be worth, or even what it cost him. It is as if marijuana isn't
quite real, as if it exists in some sort of other world, where the rules of the game are
different. The closest thing that comes to it in the "straight" world is food. It is an act of
hospitality to feed one's guests; a breach of common good manners to allow them to go
hungry. Smoking marijuana, like eating together, binds its participants in a primitive sense
Using and Selling
The police commonly express the view that the real target of their efforts is the dealer,
not the user. Their imagery is commonly borrowed from the world of heroin addiction,
where, it is asserted, the narcotics peddler makes a profit from human degradation and
misery. Marijuana use, too, supposedly typifies this clear-cut distinction between user and
The problem with this view is that selling takes place on many levels, among many
kinds of participants. Selling is often a matter of convenience; it may be an arbitrary
decision as to who is the buyer and who the seller on a specific transaction. Knowledge of
current deals being transacted, or simply having requisite cash, often defines who is to
play the role of the dealer on a given occasion. Among our informants, nearly half (44
percent) said that they had sold at least once. Moreover, there was a continuum from the
user who had sold only once (12 percent of those who admitted ever selling) to the one
who sold frequently, say, more than fifty times (18 percent of all sellers), with shades of
variation between. One is struck by the evenness of the range of selling, while if one took
the classic pattern of pushing seriously, one would expect to see very few sellers, with
nearly all of those that sold to have done so innumerable times in gigantic quantities.
Rather, what we actually find is that many marijuana smokers sell, characteristical
far less effort on hashish; it is impossible to become five times higher, even were it
possible to calibrate the high with such accuracy. ( Most users-claim to become a good
deal higher with hashish.) Some commentators fear that the introduction of more potent
marijuana preparations, such as hashish, will produce use-patterns much like those of
India and Egypt. This reasoning process assumes that if one element—the strength of the
hashish—is present, then all the outcomes will be the same. But since all of the other
preconditions are lacking, such an eventuality is highly improbable.
Another fear has been the introduction of the chemical which is probably the active
principle in cannabis, tetrahydrocannabinol—actually a family of active and potent
chemicals. Some observers feel that were this purified form of drug widely available,
somewhat the same events as occurred with LSD would occur with cannabis.23
Actually, a recently available substance called THC (the abbreviation for
tetrahydrocannabinol), is not THC at all, but a mixture with varying
ingredients—sometimes LSD, methedrine, and/or a barbiturate. Real THC has been used
on an extremely limited basis on the street—or so some users claim. It seems to be agreed
that the effect it might produce would be akin in many respects to an LSD trip. Strangely,
many of marijuana's critics justify the present penalty structure with the argument that
were marijuana itself to become more available, users would inevitably migrate to THC.
Why this should be so is never explained, however. Because of the overwhelmingly
sociable form that marijuana use takes, and its recreational character, it seems unlikely
that a drug which requires so much of the user's attention as LSD would be used as
frequently as marijuana is at present, although experimentation is a distinct possibility,
indeed, a likelihood, for many users. This is, in any case, a matter for a later discussion.
Observations on the Social Context of Marijuana Use
Marijuana use is overwhelmingly a group activity; the drug, in other words, is highly
"sociogenic"—or "cultogenic," as one commentator has labeled the psychedelic drugs.24
Some deviant activities are conducted in relative isolation without group support. The
heavy use of the barbiturates, tranquilizers, and the amphetamines by housewives does not
form the basis for drug-related activities or groups; meperidine (Demerol) addiction
among physicians does not lend itself to friendships, interaction, and sentiments on the
basis of being addicted. There is no bond of identity, no preference for interaction with
other physician-addicts, no increment of prestige as a result of sharing the characteristic of
drug taking. There is no subculture of physician-addicts. (This obviously has nothing to do
with the physiological impact of the drug itself, since many street addicts use morphine,
and there is a street subculture. )
What we mean when we say that ma Cardillo, L This
6 the confusion) but rather related to an NCGA experiment (probably
involving a NL with some alleged G-13 in it) dating back to the time they (Sag and NCGA) teamed up briefly.
They just appropriated the Matanuska name, as it had a mystique, and applied to the ""new"" breed. I wouldn’t
be surprised if they registered it as a trademark, which they can in Holland."
"Sag are very liberal with seed names --their ""NL#9"" has no Northern Lights at all, but rather is a combination
of Jack Herer, White Widow and Durban (yeah, nice mix). As you see, its all very seedy (hehehe) and the
only way to ascertain quality is to grow the stuff. I even suspect that Sag permanently lost some of their own
strains, as several of them where out of stock for more than a year (rip-offs and boycotts at their seed grow
operation) and suddenly (suspiciously) resurfaced... perhaps today’s Stonehedge is not the original, but a
female clone crossed with a male Special K to get a seed line going (that would explain the new reference to
Special K in the description).
More ramble than you bargained for, eh? Sorry... got carried away, the story of strains reads like a novel.
Hope this helps though."" -Adam Tripper"
"“I grew out ten seeds earlier this year. The plants were quite robust and large. Although you could see some
indica influence in the leaves, Stonehedge grows like a sativa with internode spacing on the long end of the
spectrum. It needs a lot of light and even then the yield is somewhat exiguous. The buds grow in dense
clusters and begin to put on some weight after fifty days of flowering. The aroma of the plant is subtle, an
earthy grapefruit bouquet if I were pressed for a description. There is excellent resin production which picks
up markedly after fifty days of flowering. The high is intense and long-lasting. I like the way the smoke
tastes and makes me feel but I am not happy about the yield. Ten seeds were not sufficient in this case to
get a mother of truly outstanding character. Perhaps another female would produce a heavier yield. I do not
"“Don't know too much about Stonehedge's parents. It was indica dominant, dense nugs and a hashy flavour.
A ""stony"" party killer-type herb. Pretty average when compared to some of the other strains available.”
Type high/strength: lightweight smoke Height: 2m Yield: med Harvest date (Netherlands natural
photoperiod): end Sept 12hr day exposure harvest (# of weeks): 8-10 indoor / greenhouse / outdoor Early
flowering (good breeding stock for earliness), good for the Dutch Alps"
"“The top44 is a cannabis strain developed in Holland some years ago, it's mostly indica crossed with a skunk
and something else, there are a lot off speculations what this 'else' might be, but for now it's still unknown.
The top44 is an impressive fast flowering plant, I never heard off a strain that was faster, it has an flowering
time from only 6 weeks (44 days), but gives big resinous buds in
The )otal Synthesis
of Natural Products
Carleton University, Ottawa
A WILEY-INTERSCIENCE PUBLICATION
JOHN WILEY & SONS, New York - Chichester - Brisbane _ Toronto to time who do not now because of
the laws, but who do not like to drink. Thus, the figure who use some intoxicant would
increase were pot legalized, but it would be far lower than the additive effect of all those
who now use liquor added to all those who might use pot.
If we want to consider the effect of the marijuana laws on public safety, we are
therefore faced with the prospect of comparing the relative merits of alcohol and
marijuana. As stated earlier, marijuana users cite the comparison as a powerful argument
in the drug's favor, while physicians dismiss the argument. Where does that leave us?
In terms of tissue damage, the evidence is clear; no sane observer of the American drug
use scene would claim for marijuana the ravaging effect that alcohol has. Daily
moderately heavy usage of American or Mexican cannabis, say, six joints a day, produces
no known bodily harm. (But we must remember that we have no valid studies of
potsmokers which span any length of time.) Daily moderately heavy use of alcohol—the
quantity comparable to the amount of marijuana which would intoxicate the user for an
equal length of time, i.e., the whole day, would be about half a quart a day—will destroy,
threaten or damage most of the body's vital organs over a long period of time. In terms of
auto accidents, the evidence we have suggests a gain. The drunk driver behind the wheel
is far more of a threat and a danger than the high pothead. Empirical tests show that
alcohol discoordinates the driver far more than marijuana—if it occurs with marijuana at
(23 of 31)4/15/2004 1:08:37 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 11
all.45 Decrease in aggression, violence, and crime, too, would be only a positive gain.
Alcohol moreover is often directly linked with the commission of crime; far from inciting
crime, marijuana, contrastingly, possibly inhibits it. Our speculations on insanity would
have to be even less firmly grounded in known fact than those for tissue damage,
automobile accidents, and violence, but marijuana would have to strive to catch up with
alcohol's record; one of four admissions to a mental hospital is an alcoholic. Here, too, I
think, the use of pot would be a clear gain.
The members of the antipot contingent who claim that alcohol is preferable to
marijuana, and that legalization would be nothing but a disaster for this or any nation, do
have a single telling point, as I see it. This is that marijuana is always used to become
intoxicated, or high, and alcohol is often, indeed, perhaps most of the time, used for
nonintoxicatory purposes. Alcoholic substances are frequently consumed on many
occasions where the drinker does not become drunk or intoxicated. For instance, at many
sporting events—football and baseball games—several bottles of beer may be drunk by a
spectator without effect. The same may be said for wine at a meal, cocktails (sometimes)
at a party, or sherry as a nightcap. Of course, many marijuana smokers do 9), was developed by
Jen et a1
-- Friday, July 03, 2015 9:50:03 AM
moments in chapter 14 that show buds life changing in bud not buddy
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transfer the "effects" of this drug, whether American marijuana or the more potent Middle
Eastern hashish, from one cultural and economic setting to the other. It is doubtful that the
comparison is relevant at all, since none of the basic conditions are remotely similar.
The promarijuana lobby tells us that marijuana is a gentle herb, nothing more than
pressed flowers and leaves, a peaceful and love-inducing substance. Both sides assume
that there is some sort of property lodged within the drug itself that dictates to its users
how to act under its influence. But whether it does, in fact, have this pacific property or
not depends wholly on who uses it. If it is used by a social group that thinks marijuana is a
pacific weed, whose members, when initiating a neophyte, preach a gospel of peace and
love, discourage violent displays, and weave this peace motif into the things they do when
high, then we should not be surprised that marijuana turns out to have a peace-inducing
property. Only the most naive believes that marijuana creates a peaceful way of life out of
whole cloth and induces it in those who are not peaceful. Both motorcycle gangs and
hippies are prone to use marijuana but with very different results. Obviously, there is more
to the picture than the laboratory properties of the drug.
I will attempt in this volume an overall study of the sociology of marijuana use. I will
explore the myths clinging to it, the attitudes of the contestants in the marijuana debate,
the question of who uses it, under what circumstances, and with what consequences. To
answer many of the questions concerning marijuana use, it is necessary at times to leave
the sociological level and deal with related issues. For instance, when discussing the
effects of marijuana, I will reject the radically sociologistic approach—that the effects of
the drug are wholly a function of its social definitions—and attempt an exposition on the
objective properties of the drug's pharmacology. In other words, I have adopted a
multidimensional approach, my perspective often shifts from one level to another. At the
same time we wish to understand the drug's nonsociological aspects more or less only
insofar as they relate to, interpenetrate with, influence and are influenced by, the users'
social life and the lives of those who interact with them. We court confusion with this kind
of multifaceted perspective, but it is necessary if we are to understand the totality of
marijuana's impact on the social life of any society.
Overview of Marijuana and Marijuana Use
(7 of 19)4/15/2004 1:03:03 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 1
Incidences of events connected with cannabis use, whether true or phantasmagoric,
survive historically because they are useful ideologically. The history of marijuana use is,
in itself, a study in creative mythology. This is as true of the history of the Assassins as it
is of the Indian peace pipe. Recently another nitrogen analog CP44001-1
(Nantradol) has been reported130 to be a potent analgesic in animals and is
presently undergoing clinical trials 6
198 The Total Synthesis of Cannabinoids
These were acetylated after removal of the tetrahydropyranyl (THP)
protecting group to give 87 and then subjected to allylic rearrangement and
reduction to form 71
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