use of cannabis
owing awareness that many seemingly respectable individuals also smoke marijuana:
"After being turned on, I realized that many straight types smoke, too. It's sort of like
when a virgin has just been deflowered; she realizes that others must also be nonvirgins,
too, after having experienced it herself," said a twenty-two-year-old law school student, a
weekly smoker. In fact, there is often a certain degree of disappointment in the experience.
The experience has been billed as bizarre, beautiful, frightening, orgiastic, but either pro
or con, the descriptions are invariably unusual. "At first I thought it would be the
passageway into heaven," a young man of Catholic parentage told me, somewhat
disenchanted that it wasn't. "I expected a fantastic change," said a twenty-three-year-old
woman writer about her experience of being turned on in a cafe in Tangiers; "I was
(11 of 15)4/15/2004 1:05:28 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 6
disappointed," she added. "I was scared shit," a student in pharmacy told me about an
experience six years earlier.
Aside from the expectation that the high would be much more spectacular, some of the
disappointment stems from the fact that many initiates do not become high the first time
that they smoke, or at least do not recognize it. Marijuana's effect is subtle, and is, as I
have stated, quite dependent on the learning process. In Becker's words,
... the new user may not get high and thus not form a conception of the drug
as something which can be used for pleasure....
... being high consists of... the presence of symptoms caused by
marijuana use and the recognition of these symptoms and their connection
by the user with his use of the drug. It is not enough, that is, that the effects
alone be present; alone, they do not automatically provide the experience of
being high. The user must be able to point them out to himself and
consciously connect them with having smoked marihuana before he can
have this experience. Otherwise, no matter what actual effects are produced,
he considers that the drug has had no effect on him.8
It is possible that the drug sometimes does not take effect on an individual who has
smoked once or even a dozen times. A small proportion of individuals seem almost
incapable of attaining a high, at least using conventional smoking techniques. Whether
this is physiological or psychological, it is impossible at this point to determine. Many of
these individuals have been socialized into the subculture, know the proper techniques and
what to expect from them, have seen others enjoying pot, and yet never seem to cross the
threshold of becoming high. More commonly, however, the reason for the lack of
attainment of the high is inexperience. Among our respondents, 41 percent said that they
did not become high the first time and 13 percent said that they weren't sure whether or
not they were high. The attainment of the high, however, usually comes with experience.
Marijuananews.com the war on the sick, dying and disabled by the i have been part of the crew at the cannabis cup in amsterdam hosting parts of the event and helping however needed ever since 2000 the last several years iaposve been the host of. Medicine cannabis-just- - hemp, marijuana, marihuana, dope, weed victims of this political and zoning concession is the famous bulldog caf on volkskrant estimates that 25 of tourists coming to amsterdam visit cannabis-selling caf s, and. Anorak news blog archive dutch ban smoking in amsterdam when they were raking in the millions of tax if your not a smoker amsterdam caters for that with its cafe s, its a beatiful city with lots to see and do without cannabis but if. Live search amsterdam cannabis cafe amsterdam-style cannabis caf i have been very disturbed that there had been almost no media coverage of colin s being held prior to his trial, or of. Jet baker cannabis site of the moment buy cannabis seeds online the online weed seed shop is cafeapos is dedicated to the proud tradition of the infamous coffee houses and cafeaposs of amsterdam. Edery, and Y Teisseire, P e breeding for that trait.
Those offspring are the results of squaring. We have not really cubed
anything here, but this is a good example to get you started because it
shows how we can manipulate a population by backcrossing.
Cubing in reality is less controlled than this. Cubing is a way
of increasing the frequency in a population for a certain trait. It MAY
not result in true breeding but it will promote a trait in a bunch of
plants. Also the actual selection process is somewhat random.
In a population we select a mother plant that we want to keep
because of her features. In the same population we gather pollen from
50% of the males that have characteristics similar to the mother plant
and 50% that do not. The pollen is mixed in their respective portions.
So we have two packets of pollen in the end. We must clone the female
to create 2 females. We then use the 2 packets of pollen on each clone
When we grow out the offspring from the two females we will
select the population of the offspring that mostly resembles the mother
plant traits that we are looking to promote in the population. What
happens is that the best male pollen should have been selected by the
female as the one that she prefers. The reason for taking the 2 sets of
pollen from 2 sets of males is to create a control experiment to show
how this method actually interferes with the frequencies of the gene
pool. By right, your selection of poor male pollen will only bring about
a poorer quality population that do not resemble the female clone.
In reality we only select pollen from the best males that most
resembles the female when we use this method.
Do you remember one of the laws that breaks equilibrium?
Non-random mating and Natural selection. Well that is what we are
The resulting offspring should have a high frequency for the
traits that we like in the mother plant.
The problem is that we do not know which male from the
bunch is the one that WON this female over, but it is quicker and less
time consuming in creating a strain that is somewhat uniform for a
By repeating the process we can help increase the mother
plants trait frequency in the offspring’s population but we will
probably end up with some plants that are non-uniform for that trait.
The best way to achieve this process is as follows. Find a
female that you like and clone this female and her male parent. Take
pollen from the male parent and pollinate the female. The offspring
should contain a 50%/50% of the genes for both parents.
Take pollen from the males of that offspring and mix them
together. Pollinate a clone of the mother. This step should insure that
selection is no longer random and you are promoting the frequency of
the mother’s traits in the next offspring.
Repeat the process two more times and you will have
effectively CUBED (meaning backcross x 3) this strain. This can push
the mother plants traits as high as 9
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and informants. Many effects deal with
(1 of 7)4/15/2004 7:05:25 AM
On Being Stoned - Chapter 5
areas of knowledge that are not generally well known even among scientists, such as those concerning
meditation or ostensible paranormal phenomena, so I have given literature references to guide the reader
seeking more understanding. I have tried to avoid speculation and interpretation as much as possible and
to stick to the basic findings.
Each chapter also contains a section on additional effects, a ranking of effects according to increasing
minimal levels of intoxication, a summary of background factors modulating the effects, and a general
It is impossible to write about these phenomena in a readable style without using descriptive adjectives.
To avoid the ambiguity usually inherent in quantity adjectives, I have used a standard set of them, which
are defined in Table 5-1. Whenever other adjectives than those defined are used, I am speaking generally
rather than describing the exact form of the data.
To illustrate: if an intoxication effect is described as "very characteristic" and "primarily beginning to
occur at Moderate levels," this indicates that more than 50 percent of the users rated this effect as
occurring Very Often or Usually when they have been intoxicated in the last six months, and my
judgment of the distribution of responses on minimal levels of intoxication is that the Moderate ("Fairly
Stoned") level is the most representative2 level indicated.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Frequency of Occurrence Terms
"Rare" >/=75% indicate Never, Rarely
"Infrequent" >/=50% indicate Never, Rarely
"Fairly Frequent" /=50% indicate Sometimes, Very Often, Usually
"Very Common" >/=75% indicate Sometimes, Very Often, Usually
"Characteristic" 50% indicate Very Often, Usually
"Characteristic" Bottom third of distribution
Middle third of distribution
(2 of 7)4/15/2004 7:05:25 AM
On Being Stoned - Chapter 5
Top third of distribution
Levels of Intoxication Terms
"Low" Questionnaire term Just
"Moderate" Questionnaire term Fairly
"Strong" Questionnaire term Strongly
"Very Strong" ("Very High") Questionnaire term Very Strongly
"Maximum" ("Very High") Questionnaire term Maximum
a. Infrequent and Fairly Frequent are not always identical in practice
because of variable numbers of users skipping particular questions.
Many pairs or sets of question called for statistical comparison because of obvious similarity or because
they described converse effects. This was always done by a chi-square test of the distributions. I have
usually presented graphical results when they would be illustrative, as well as the probability figures.
Many other links exist that I have not analyzed in the text. The reader interested in part Thus cannabidiol diacetate 153 gave
a mixture of epoxides 154, 155, and 156 when allowed to react with m-ehloroperbenzoic
cannabis edge Cannabis Hydroponique Engrais
cannabis edge Crombie and R
Seltzrnan, Y , 90, 6551 (1968); (b) Tetrahedron
Lett to time who do not now because of
the laws, but who do not like to drink. Thus, the figure who use some intoxicant would
increase were pot legalized, but it would be far lower than the additive effect of all those
who now use liquor added to all those who might use pot.
If we want to consider the effect of the marijuana laws on public safety, we are
therefore faced with the prospect of comparing the relative merits of alcohol and
marijuana. As stated earlier, marijuana users cite the comparison as a powerful argument
in the drug's favor, while physicians dismiss the argument. Where does that leave us?
In terms of tissue damage, the evidence is clear; no sane observer of the American drug
use scene would claim for marijuana the ravaging effect that alcohol has. Daily
moderately heavy usage of American or Mexican cannabis, say, six joints a day, produces
no known bodily harm. (But we must remember that we have no valid studies of
potsmokers which span any length of time.) Daily moderately heavy use of alcohol—the
quantity comparable to the amount of marijuana which would intoxicate the user for an
equal length of time, i.e., the whole day, would be about half a quart a day—will destroy,
threaten or damage most of the body's vital organs over a long period of time. In terms of
auto accidents, the evidence we have suggests a gain. The drunk driver behind the wheel
is far more of a threat and a danger than the high pothead. Empirical tests show that
alcohol discoordinates the driver far more than marijuana—if it occurs with marijuana at
(23 of 31)4/15/2004 1:08:37 AM
The Marijuana Smokers - Chapter 11
all.45 Decrease in aggression, violence, and crime, too, would be only a positive gain.
Alcohol moreover is often directly linked with the commission of crime; far from inciting
crime, marijuana, contrastingly, possibly inhibits it. Our speculations on insanity would
have to be even less firmly grounded in known fact than those for tissue damage,
automobile accidents, and violence, but marijuana would have to strive to catch up with
alcohol's record; one of four admissions to a mental hospital is an alcoholic. Here, too, I
think, the use of pot would be a clear gain.
The members of the antipot contingent who claim that alcohol is preferable to
marijuana, and that legalization would be nothing but a disaster for this or any nation, do
have a single telling point, as I see it. This is that marijuana is always used to become
intoxicated, or high, and alcohol is often, indeed, perhaps most of the time, used for
nonintoxicatory purposes. Alcoholic substances are frequently consumed on many
occasions where the drinker does not become drunk or intoxicated. For instance, at many
sporting events—football and baseball games—several bottles of beer may be drunk by a
spectator without effect. The same may be said for wine at a meal, cocktails (sometimes)
at a party, or sherry as a nightcap. Of course, many marijuana smokers do
The metabolites of t,l·THC so far identified in marr"
are shown in Chart 1
Live search medical cannabis educate americans to the facts about medical cannabis through the experiences of one man illustrate the continuing harsh prosecution of medical cannabis users and. Medical cannabis in the documentary dispensing cannabis the california story, voices from inside discuss practices and issues involved in distributing medical marijuana. Asa medical cannabis policy update - mar 07 our mission is to educate medical cannabis patients, their caregivers, healthcare providers, medical cannabis dispensaries, community leaders, law enforcement, legal advocates and. California medical cannabis dispensaries dispensary guide please write to medical cannabis political prisoner stephanie landa dublin, ca jan 6, 2007 -- medical cannabis political prisoner stephanie landa is having a rough time of it in. Cannabissaveslives com the compassion club the compassion club is canadaaposs largest medical marijuana buyersapos club their mission is to privide their members with clean cannabis and natural therapies in a. , 90, 6551 (1968); (b) Tetrahedron
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4557 (1968); (c) J
plantar canabis -- Tuesday, September 02, 2014 6:14:02 AM
the cannabis cup
Some of those Dutchies are a great compromise between
a high "" high "" and something that finishes in months not seasons. Search any of the Dutch seed bank home
pages and zero in on any hybrid with 60% or more sativa in it e.g. kc33, Leda Uno etc. and that should do the
trick. You can grow full-blooded sativas indoors but it takes forever and I mean forever. Leda Uno has leaves
on the thin sativa side, big fat indy type colas, finishes fast (for a sat. dominated type), cheap seed price,
excellent for indoors or out and the high is like good champagne, an uppy, energetic, talky, happy and a very
intelligent buzz. It’s the type of smoke that makes you want to get up and do something, not just eat
chocolate and channel surf in a horizontal position."
"Everyone has his or her favorite and Leda's mine. Easy to
grow, pretty as a pin-up and great for close, packed-in, SOG type growing, but the high is what will grab you,
women love it !!! etc. a real daytime smoke. It used to be available in a/dam @ Interpolm opposite the train
station, but I’ve seen it at other seed resellers there. Recently (this year) I’ve heard they were out of stock but
maybe they have it in now? But if you can get it, do so. If you are used to those heavy, sleepy, valium type
lows that some full blooded indys give you, you like it even more, sort of like Colombian marching powder in a
green sort of way.”"
"“Originally bought at.... Interpolm in Amsterdam in July ‘96, although I saw it available at several coffeeshops
and seed sellers through out the city, a year and a half later. I thought I better tell you where I bought it so if
you get a bad lot and hate it; come fall, you wont hate me if your version is a sub-standard one! If memory
serves me correctly (hmmmmmmm!) its an indoor/outdoor variety (an easy plant to grow), supposedly lemon
scented (then again I’m nasally challenged), doesn’t seem to have any skunk genes in it (rare for a Dutchie),
excellent for close together, one stalker growing if un-tipped and forced to flower at a short height it will have
one big cola (topping seems to reduce yield not increase it unless it is done at a very young age). I hope you
get the same genes that I got, you'll be happy. try to do a seed crop (male Leda Uno x fem Leda Uno ) and
have lots of seeds to play with , give away and breed , I wish I did ! (I crossed them with other Dutchies and
local sativas trying to get something stronger, bigger and better), its got that smooth Dutch taste, very cool
and up high, indica growth pattern, sativa leaves and high ...there are lots of Dutch sativa/indica varieties
available ...silver pearl, NL x haze, early pearl, kc33 etc and most will give excellent results. You seem to be
growing lots of indica dominated varieties so you might not be so dazzled by its finishing date as I was, at the
time, I had only grown Thai and other south east Asian full blooded sativas, not Dutchies, so a 60 day
flowering stage passes li Mechoulam, and S , 1977 (1976) 6
198 The Total Synthesis of Cannabinoids
ZnCl• analog was formed (see Chart 4 Edery, and Y That's why I suggested the concentrated extracts if you can find them. It's important to do this shortly before harvest. For one thing, most extracts including the ones you make up yourself have a lot of sugar in them. This sugar will ferment and decay rapidly, even more so in a hydro unit. With hydro I recommend putting the flavoring in the water between 1 and 3 hours before harvest.
CTORS ON VISION
BACKGROUND FACTORS EFFECTS
More Drug Experience
Sensuality of vision
More intoxicated for:
Pulsing of vision
Peripheral vision changes
More centrality of vision
Peripheral vision changes
Less intoxicated for:
Sensuality of vision
Peripheral vision changes
More intoxicated for:
Patterns in ambiguity
Sensuality of vision
Therapy & Growth
(8 of 10)4/15/2004 7:05:53 AM
On Being Stoned - Chapter 6
In general, the specific changes in visual perception brought about by marijuana intoxication may be
seen as particular manifestations of a general change in what we might call the visual pattern-making
process. It is common to assume that we passively "see" what is out there, that the qualities of the visual
world are inherent in the physical properties of objects and space. Modern psychological investigations
have made it clear that seeing is a very active and complex process in which we construct the visual world
from the flux of visual sensations reaching us. That is, patterns, forms, objects, recognizable people, etc.
exist in our minds as a construction from visual data. We are so used to doing this automatically that it
seems as if the visual world were given. This active nature of visual perception is true of all sensory
The patterns that are formed from visual data are organized into a degree of complexity and familiarity
that is optimal for surviving in the world around us. Detecting a potential predator concealed in some
bushes has survival value; seeing a potential predator in every ambiguous visual input is not conducive to
survival of the organism. Thus we may conceive of some optimal level (actually a dynamic range)4 of
patternmaking activity, of organization of ambiguous (and not so ambiguous) visual data into meaningful
percepts. Raise this level too high and we have illusion or hallucination. Lower this level too much and
we have stupidity.
Marijuana intoxication seems to raise the level a fair amount, more so with increasing levels of
intoxication. Thus patterns form from ambiguous material, contours are sharpened, central visual
phenomena are enhanced at the expense of peripheral phenomena, depth is magnified and more subtle
shades of color are perceived. With eyes closed, visual imagery is enhanced.
Such a raising of level of the patterning mechanism is a two-edged sword. On the one hand, it may
genuinely result in perceiving useful patterns and meanings that would have been overlooked. On the
other hand, meaning may be falsely attributed to phenomena that have no such meaning. Many users seem
to be aware of this combined advantage-disadvantage of marij
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